Gary North quotes Keynes and someone who says they got some notes from someone who interviewed Lenin. Part of it is:
Hundreds of thousands of rouble notes are being issued daily by our treasury. This is done, not in order to fill the coffers of the State with practically worthless paper, but with the deliberate intention of destroying the value of money as a means of payment. There is no justification for the existence of money in the Bolshevik state, where the necessities of life shall be paid for by work alone.Assuming this quote is correct, my bet is that after the currency was "practically worthless paper" Lenin was trying to pretend that it was planned so that it looks like central planning works. If he admitted that he did not want his money to be worthless it would seem central planning was a failure. Lenin needed to seem in control.
In another quote Keynes says:
The "might have done from design" seems to indicate Keynes had some skepticism about the claim that Lenin did it on purpose.
In the latter stages of the war all the belligerent governments practiced, from necessity or incompetence, what a Bolshevist might have done from design.
This is the only case of hyperinflation I have found where there is any claim that the hyperinflation was intentional. I just don't buy it. I suspect this case was just like all the others, the market reacting after government had too much debt and deficit and out of control money printing.