## Sunday, November 28, 2010

### 22,727 Golden Geese

A goose egg weighs about 144 grams and is about the density of water.  Gold is 19.3 times the density of water.  So let us postulate that a golden goose lays a 2779 gram or about 89 troy oz gold egg.  At current market prices of about \$1360/oz this comes to about \$121,000 per egg.  If we figure a goose lays one egg each day then we get \$44,165,000 worth per year. The US is printing about \$1 trillion per year.  This is equal to the yearly profits from 22,727 golden geese.

The total value of all US public companies is \$14.2 trillion with a P/E of 18.2 and dividend yield of 1.85% which means total earnings of about \$0.78 trillion and total dividend of \$263 billion.  Bernanke's printing presses make more money each year than the total earnings of all US public companies and about 4  times as much as the total dividends.

The total of individual income taxes in the US is about \$1 trillion.  So Bernanke's printing is as much as all individual income taxes.

The total US military spending in 2009 was \$711 billion, more than the rest of the world combined. Bernanke is printing well over this amount.

There is an interesting phenomenon called the resource curse where countries exploiting natural resources tend to have lower growth rates than countries without much resources.  The US ability to print the world's money is like a magical resource equal to 22,727 golden geese.    The features of the resource curse seem to be applying to the US.

The total world production of gold was only 2,572 metric tons per year in 2009 which is equal to the production of 2,545 golden geese.  If the US really had 22,727 golden geese the total world gold production would be about 10 times the current rate.   If there were such high production of gold, clearly we would expect the dollars per ounce of gold to go down.  With such high production of dollars, we should expect the value of each dollar to go down in terms of gold.

When the world stops treating US dollars like they were "as good as gold", it will be as if all these golden geese die.  When they are gone the US will miss them.  The US will have to export real things to be able to import oil and stuff from China.   Life in the US will be much harder.

## Saturday, November 20, 2010

### The International Monetary System has a Structural Flaw

In a recent talk Bernanke gave he said, "As currently constituted, the international monetary system has a structural flaw: It lacks a mechanism, market based or otherwise, to induce needed adjustments by surplus countries, which can result in persistent imbalances."  He is trying to put the blame on "surplus countries" like China.  But the real problem with the international monetary system is that it is based on the US dollar and there are no limits on the US as a "deficit country".  There is nothing stopping the US from printing as much money as it wants and having a huge trade deficit.  The only reason China has a trade surplus is that the US has a trade deficit.

People like to believe that their problems are due to others, so Bernanke and Obama saying the problem is due to China plays well in the US.  But clearly China is not buying it.

As the US prints more money it exports some in exchange for real goods.  Think about this, the US can run off some money (electronic or paper) and buy an oil tanker full of oil.  How cool is that?  The US can make some money, loan it to Goldman Sachs at 0.1%, who can then buy huge parts of Africa.  There is currently nothing limiting this kind of thing.  This US money made out of thin air can be used to buy up huge amounts of stocks on stock markets around the world and vast quantities of real estate around the world.   This is a huge structural flaw in the world financial system.

When central banks backed their currencies with gold, any country that printed too much would lose its gold to other countries.   As it lost gold, prices in both countries would naturally adjust to help keep it from losing more gold.  And theoretically if it ran out of gold it could buy nothing else.  The current system has no market forces to keep the US from just printing forever.

The world has been counting on the US to play nice and for most of the last 40 years this flawed system sort of worked.  But now the US is printing at a rate of about \$1 trillion per year.  This is about the same as the \$1 trillion per year the world spends on importing food.  So to the world this is a very big number, even if  Krugman thinks there should be \$8 to \$10 trillion in quantitative easing.  My own feeling is that \$1 trillion per year will be enough to force the world to stop using the dollar as the world reserve currency.  At this point the US will have to export as much as it imports.  It is used to importing far more than it exports.  This will make things very hard for the US.

## Thursday, November 18, 2010

### The Bubble that Broke the World

I highly recommend that people read the book, "The Bubble that Broke the World".  It was written in 1931 and published in 1933.   It is available online for free as a PDF.  There are many similarities between the bubbles, excessive debt, and international bailouts back then and today.  It is a good book and helps in understanding what is going on today.

## Wednesday, November 17, 2010

### The Fed's Ponzi Gold Standard

In 1914 the Fed opened their doors.  We can see in the law governing the Fed that it says, "reserves in gold of not less than forty per centum against its Federal reserve notes in actual circulation".  So during the Roaring Twenties the Fed was issuing \$2.50 for every \$1 worth of gold it got and the money supply expanded.  This created a bubble in Treasury bonds, a bubble in Florida real estate, and a stock bubble. Then as people and countries took their gold back from the Fed the law required that they reduce the money supply.  Moving back to gold would undo this inflationary factor of 2.5.  This caused deflation and very hard times in the early Depression.  When they stopped redeeming paper money for gold in 1933 the deflation stopped.

This period from 1914 to 1933 is called the Interwar Gold Standard but I think "Ponzi Gold Standard" is a much better name. The Fed was acting like any other Ponzi scam.  As long as people are putting funds in things can work, but if people try to take their money out it all falls apart.  Instead of admitting that the Fed was a bankrupt Ponzi scam, the government made it illegal for citizens to own gold so the Fed did not have to pay people gold.

If the Fed had tried to keep paying out gold it would have run out of gold and been bankrupt.  As it became clear that was what was going on, paper money would have dropped rapidly in value, which is hyperinflation.  In order to save the Fed and paper money the US made it illegal to own gold. Given that gold has been money for 5,000 years and the US constitution says the states can only use gold and silver as money outlawing ownership of gold was a desperate measure.  So along with hyperinflation in the American Revolution and American Civil War, America came close to hyperinflation in the Great Depression.

The spacing between these periods is similar and about as long as from the Great Depression to the present.  This trend would say America is about due for hyperinflation once again.

Most economists seem to use the history of the Ponzi Gold Standard failing to claim that a gold standard does not work.  But gold has been money for more than 5,000 years and never failed.  Paper money fails all the time.   When the Ponzi Gold Standard ran into trouble the US dollar was 60% fiat money and after 1971 it was 100% fiat money.  Fiat money fails all the time.  Most economists learned the wrong lesson.

## Friday, November 12, 2010

### Euphemisms for "printing money"

The world is not overall better off when someone just "makes money out of thin air".  Nobody thinks that if a counterfeiter prints money the world is better off.  When money is printed some people become better off and some become worse off.  Let's call the people who become worse off "suckers".  The more people who do not understand what is going on the easier it is to have a good supply of suckers.   So the powers that be often try to keep people confused.  One way is talking about "making new money" using lots of different and confusing terms.   To try to help clear things up I am collecting euphemisms for "printing money".  I also have a video with these euphemisms. Here is my collection so far.
1. accommodative monetary policy
2. achieving price stability
3. acting to the detriment of creditors
6. aggressive monetary policy
7. ample liquidity
8. acquiring Treasury securities on the open market and only on a temporary basis
9. asset purchase plan
10. asset swap
11. bailouts (*)
12. banana republic
13. Bernanke's toolkit
14. bond-buying by the U.S. central bank
15. central bank financing of government deficits
16. cheapen the currency
17. collecting an inflation tax
18. conjuring money up from the ether with black magic Fed spells
19. creating inflation
20. creating money
21. creating money electronically
22. creating excess reserves
23. creating reserves ‘ex nihilo’
24. crediting bank reserve accounts
25. CTRL+P
26. currency intervention
27. currency manipulation
28. dangerous experiments with our currency
29. default by stealth
30. deficit accommodating
31. deficit spending *
32. dovish monetary policy
33. debasing the currency
34. debasement
35. destroying the value of the dollar
36. devaluing the currency
37. disbursing currency
38. dollar conjuring
39. driving the dollar down
40. dump more dollars onto the market
41. easing credit
42. easing credit conditions
43. easing monetary policy
44. easy monetary policy
45. easy money
46. ensuring sufficient liquidity
47. expansionary monetary policy
48. expanding high powered money
49. expanding liquidity
50. expanding the Fed's balance sheet
51. expanding the global supply of dollars
53. Fed’s purchase program
54. fighting deflation
55. free money
56. fully sovereign in its own currency
57. funding the deficit
58. government thievery
59. helicopter drop
60. helping exports with cheaper dollars
61. imagineering money
62. imposing an inflation tax
63. increasing the money supply
64. inflating away the debt
65. inflation
66. inflation targeting
67. implementing alternative monetary policy
68. increasing the monetary base
69. injecting money into the economy
70. issuing fiat currency
71. issuing reserves
72. just monetary policy  (Bernanke)
73. keep the short-term interest rate at exceptionally low levels
74. Keynesian economics
75. liquidity enhancement
76. liquidity injection
77. liquidity management operations
78. liquidity operations
79. loose monetary policy
80. lowering interest rates
81. low-rate monetary policy
82. making money
83. marvelous monetary sweetener
84. modern monetary theory (MMT)
85. monetizing the debt
86. monetization
87. monetary diarrhea
88. monetary expansion
89. monetary policy tools
90. money out of thin air
91. money rains
92. mortgage security purchase program
93. no surer means of overturning the existing basis of society
95. not monetizing the debt
96. not printing money
97. open market operations
98. outright monetary transactions (OMT)
99. papering over problems
100. playing god with the economy
101. plucking money from a money tree
102. policy of dollar depreciation
103. preventing the currency from strengthening
104. printing money
105. promiscuous easing
106. promoting price stability
108. providing liquidity
109. pump-priming
110. pumping money into the banking system
111. pushing inflation upward
112. pushing up inflation to levels consistent with our mandate (Bernanke)
113. qualitative and quantitative easing
114. quantitative easing
115. quantitative counterfeiting
116. QE
117. QE1
118. QE2
119. QE3
120. QE Infinity
121. QE to infinity and beyond
122. QE Tapering
123. recipe for financial disaster
124. retiring Treasuries
125. ruinous monetary insanity
126. run the printing presses
127. seigniorage
128. solution to the credit crunch
129. sowing the seeds of future inflation
130. spending without borrowing
131. stemming disinflationary pressures
132. stimulus (*)
133. supplying banks with extra cash
134. supporting the economic recovery
135. surreptitious transfer of wealth
136. the punch bowl
137. the US can always meet its financial obligations that are denominated in US dollars
138. throwing money out of helicopters
139. trick people into working for lower real wages - See page 9 of  Keynes "The General Theory"
140. unconventional policy tools
141. unconventional monetary policy
142. unsterilized intervention
143. weakening the dollar
If you know other euphemisms for "printing money"  please post them them in the comments.

Some people try to make a big deal out of the fact that often money is represented on computers and not actually printed.  First, the Fed would print paper money if banks wanted delivery from their account.    From Bernanke's helicopter paper we know he understands this equivalence from his comment, "But the U.S. government has a technology, called a printing press (or, today, its electronic equivalent), that allows it to produce as many U.S. dollars as it wishes at essentially no cost."  Also, from Bernanke's fantastic video we can see the electronic and paper money are essentially the same.

A few of the above terms can also theoretically be used when reducing the money supply but that hardly ever happens.

The point of a euphemism is to make something not sound as bad as it really is.   Most of these are trying to hid the badness of "printing money".  However, some like "monetary diarrhea" are clearly used by people who are not happy with money printing.

This reminds me of the idea that Eskimos who spend a lot of time on snow would have a lot of words for snow.  Seems like Americans spend a lot of time printing new money.

(*) In the case of the starred terms the government is deficit spending, which will lead to more money printing, but it is arguably not a true euphemism for "printing money".

## Thursday, November 4, 2010

### Money Printing and the Stock Market

The S&P has nearly doubled from the recent low of 666.  The Insider selling/buying ratio is at record highs.  The Mutual fund cash levels are very low.  People think that inflation will drive up stock prices; however, the first thing it does is drive up interest rates which drives down bond prices.  As bonds get cheaper and with higher yields people move from stocks to bonds, which lowers stock prices.  So the relatively high P/E ratios we see with low interest rates will drop as interest rates go up and stocks go down.

Warning, this is not investment advice, just educational.